Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts

Lincoln Center for the Arts, Lincoln Center is a 16.3-acre (6.6-hectare) complex of buildings in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It hosts many notable performing arts organizations, which are nationally and internationally renowned, including the New York Philharmonic, the Metropolitan Opera, the New York City Ballet and the New York City Opera.

A consortium of civic leaders and others led by, and under the initiative of, John D. Rockefeller III built Lincoln Center as part of the “Lincoln Square Renewal Project” during Robert Moses’ program of urban renewal in the 1950s and 1960s. Respected architects were contracted to design the major buildings on the site, and over the next thirty years the previously diverse working class area around Lincoln Center was replaced with a conglomeration of high culture to please the tastes of the consortium.

Rockefeller was Lincoln Center’s inaugural president from 1956 and became its chairman in 1961. He is credited with raising more than half of the $184.5 million in private funds needed to build the complex, including drawing on his own funds; the Rockefeller Brothers Fund also contributed to the project. The center’s three buildings, David Geffen Hall (formerly Avery Fisher Hall), David H. Koch Theater (formerly the New York State Theater) and the Metropolitan Opera House were opened in 1962, 1964 and 1966, respectively.

While the center may have been named because it was located in the Lincoln Square neighborhood, it is unclear whether the area was named as a tribute to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The name was bestowed on the area in 1906 by the New York City Board of Aldermen, but records give no reason for choosing that name. There has long been speculation that the name came from a local landowner, because the square was previously named Lincoln Square. City records from the time show only the names Johannes van Bruch, Thomas Hall, Stephan de Lancey, James de Lancey, James de Lancey, Jr. and John Somerindyck as area property owners. One speculation is that references to President Lincoln were omitted from the records because the mayor in 1906 was George B. McClellan Jr., son of General George B. McClellan, who was general-in-chief of the Union Army early in the American Civil War and a bitter rival of Lincoln’s.

Lincoln Center Cultural Innovation Fund is the first of its kind as a grant program that seeks to bring art and develop art-going habits in some of New York City’s poorest neighborhoods. Funding through a partnership with the Rockefeller Foundation the new pilot grant program encourages the use of art as an innovative strategy to access and participate in cultural opportunities in diverse neighborhoods in Central Brooklyn and the South Bronx. Each of the 12 grantees will receive support and financial backing for their project with the over all goal of the program is to support non- profit organizations in creating cultural innovative strategies that increase art participation and the range and availability of cultural activities to underserved communities.

Lincoln Center is featured in multiple works of art and media. Examples include:No Way to Treat a Lady (1968), in which Kate Palmer (Lee Remick) works there as a tour guide
The Producers (1968), in which the theatrical producers Max Bialystock (Zero Mostel) and Leo Bloom (Gene Wilder) meet at the Revson Fountain to discuss their scheme to defraud their investors; the climax of the scene is provided by the eruption of the plaza’s fountain while Bloom dances around
Ghostbusters (1984), Peter meets Dana by the fountain after her rehearsal with a guest conductor
Pitch Perfect (2012), in which the final competition takes place at Lincoln Center
John Wick: Chapter 2 (2017), in which a shootout takes place in the plaza before moving into the Subway

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