The 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump was formally launched on June 16, 2015, at Trump Tower in New York City. Trump was the Republican nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election, having won the most state primaries, caucuses, and delegates at the 2016 Republican National Convention. He chose Mike Pence, the sitting Governor of Indiana, as his vice presidential running mate. On November 8, 2016, Trump and Pence were elected president and vice president of the United States. Trump’s populist positions in opposition to illegal immigration and various trade agreements, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership, earned him support especially among voters who were male, white, blue-collar and those without college degrees.
Some of Trump’s remarks were controversial and helped his campaign garner extensive coverage by the mainstream media, trending topics, and social media. Trump’s campaign rallies attracted large crowds, as well as public controversy. Some of the events were marked by incidents of violence between Trump supporters and protesters, mistreatment of some journalists, and disruption by a large group of protesters who effectively shut down a major rally in Chicago. Trump was accused of inciting violence at his rallies.
Trump’s disdain for political correctness was a staple theme of his campaign and proved popular among his supporters. Many, including some mainstream commentators and some prominent Republicans, viewed him as appealing to racism, a charge that he “repeatedly and vehemently denies.” Trump’s most polarizing and widely reported proposals were about issues of immigration and border security, especially his proposed deportation of all illegal immigrants, the proposed construction of a substantial wall on the Mexico–United States border at Mexican expense, his characterizations of many Mexican immigrants as “criminals, drug dealers, rapists, etc”, and a temporary ban on foreign Muslims entering the U.S. (which he later modified to apply to people originating from countries, which he described as having, a history of terrorism against the United States or its allies).
Opposition to Trump grew during his campaign among both Republicans (who viewed Trump as irrevocably damaging to the party and its chances of winning elections during and after 2016, leading to the coalescence of the Stop Trump movement) and Democrats (who decried Trump’s anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim policies, his behavior toward critics, his treatment of the media, and the ethno-nationalist alt-right’s support of his campaign because of said policies and his anti-political correctness stance, which many cited to be a factor in the rise of hate crimes and other hate-motivated incidents against ethnic and religious minorities prior to and following Trump’s win); although, some conservatives, liberals and independents criticized Republican congress-members for prioritizing party loyalty and avoiding alienation of Trump supporters to ensure re-election, over condemning several of Trump’s actions.
On January 6, 2017, the United States government’s intelligence agencies concluded that the Russian government interfered in the 2016 United States elections. A joint United States Intelligence Community review published in January 2017 stated with high confidence that “Russian President Vladimir V. Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency.” Investigations about Russian interference in the election and allegations of collusion were started by the FBI, the Senate Intelligence Committee, the House Intelligence Committee, and former FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III was appointed as Special Counsel in May 2017 by Acting Attorney General Rod Rosenstein to oversee the ongoing investigation into links between Donald Trump‘s 2016 presidential campaign and the Russian government as part of the election interference and any related illegal acts. As president, Trump has repeatedly rejected the conclusions of the U.S. intelligence agencies.