Rudolph William Louis Giuliani, born May 28, 1944 is an American politician, attorney, businessman, public speaker, former mayor of New York City, and current attorney to President Donald Trump.
Politically a Democrat, then an Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York during the 1980s. He prosecuted pivotal cases against the American Mafia, and against corrupt corporate financiers.
When Giuliani took office as mayor of New York City, he hired a new police commissioner, William Bratton, who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay, which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city. Within several years, Giuliani was widely credited for making major improvements in the city’s quality of life and lowering the rate of violent crimes. While Giuliani was still Mayor, he ran for the U.S. Senate in 2000; however, he withdrew from the race upon learning of his prostate cancer diagnosis. Giuliani was named Time magazine’s Person of the Year for 2001, and was given an honorary knighthood in 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II for his leadership in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001.
In 2002, Giuliani founded Giuliani Partners (consulting), acquired and later sold Giuliani Capital Advisors (investment banking), and joined a Texas firm while opening a Manhattan office for the firm renamed Bracewell & Giuliani (legal services). Giuliani sought the Republican Party’s 2008 presidential nomination, and was considered the early front runner in the race, before withdrawing from the race to endorse the eventual nominee, John McCain. Giuliani was considered a potential candidate for New York Governor in 2010 and for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012. Giuliani declined all races, and instead remained in the business sector.
In April 2018, Giuliani became one of President Trump’s personal lawyers. Since then, he has taken to issuing public statements in defense of Trump.
Giuliani supported Donald Trump in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. He gave a prime time speech during the first night of the 2016 Republican National Convention. Earlier in the day, Giuliani and former 2016 presidential candidate Ben Carson appeared at an event for the pro-Trump Great America PAC. Giuliani also appeared in a Great America PAC ad entitled “Leadership”. Giuliani’s and Jeff Sessions’s appearances were staples at Trump campaign rallies. During the campaign, Giuliani praised Trump for his worldwide accomplishments and helping fellow New Yorkers in their time of need. He defended Donald Trump against allegations of racism, sexual assault, and not paying any federal income taxes for as long as two decades.
In August 2016, Giuliani, while campaigning for Trump, claimed that in the “eight years before Obama” became President, “we didn’t have any successful radical Islamic terrorist attack in the United States.” On the contrary, the terrorist attacks that took place on September 11, 2001 happened during the first term of the George W. Bush administration, which was eight years prior to Obama’s Presidency. Politifact brought up four more counterexamples (the 2002 Los Angeles International Airport shooting, the 2002 D.C. sniper attacks, the 2006 Seattle Jewish Federation shooting and the 2006 UNC SUV attack) to Giuliani’s claim. Giuliani later said he was using “abbreviated language”.
Giuliani was believed to be a likely pick for Secretary of State in the Trump administration. However, on December 9, 2016, Trump announced that Giuliani had removed his name from consideration for any Cabinet post.
On January 12, 2017, President-elect Trump named Giuliani his informal cybersecurity adviser.
In January 2017, Giuliani said that he advised U.S. President Donald Trump in matters relating to Executive Order 13769, which barred citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States for 90 days. The order also suspended the admission of all refugees for 120 days.
Giuliani has drawn scrutiny over his ties to foreign nations, regarding not registering per the Foreign Agents Registration Act.
In mid April 2018, Giuliani joined President Trump’s legal team, which dealt with the investigation by Special Counsel Robert Mueller into Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. elections. Giuliani said that his goal was to negotiate a swift end to the investigation.
In early May, Giuliani made public that Trump had reimbursed his personal attorney Michael Cohen $130,000 that Cohen had paid to adult-film actress Stormy Daniels for her agreement not to talk about her alleged affair with Trump. Cohen had earlier insisted that he used his own money to pay Daniels, and he implied that he had not been reimbursed. Trump had previously said that he knew nothing about the matter. Within a week, Giuliani said that some of his own statements regarding this matter were “more rumor than anything else”.
Later in May 2018, Giuliani, who was asked on whether the promotion of the Spygate conspiracy theory is meant to discredit the special counsel investigation, said that the investigators “are giving us the material to do it. Of course, we have to do it in defending the president it is for public opinion” on whether to “impeach or not impeach” Trump. In June 2018, Giuliani claimed that a sitting president cannot be indicted: “I don’t know how you can indict while he’s in office. No matter what it is. If President Trump shot then-FBI director James Comey, he’d be impeached the next day. Impeach him, and then you can do whatever you want to do to him.”
In June 2018, Giuliani also said that President Donald Trump should not testify to the special counsel investigation because “our recollection keeps changing”. In early July, Giuliani characterized that Donald Trump had previously asked James Comey to “give then-national security adviser Michael Flynn a break”. In mid-August, Giuliani denied making this comment: “What I said was, that is what Comey is saying Trump said.” In late August, Giuliani argued that Trump should not testify to the special counsel investigation because Trump could be “trapped into perjury” just by telling “somebody’s version of the truth. Not the truth.” Giuliani’s argument continued: “Truth isn’t truth.” Giuliani later clarified that he was “referring to the situation where two people make precisely contradictory statements”,
In late July, Giuliani defended Trump by stating that “collusion is not a crime”, and that Trump did nothing wrong because Trump “didn’t hack” or “pay for the hacking” on the Democratic National Committee. Giuliani later elaborated that his comments were a “very, very familiar lawyer’s argument” to “attack the legitimacy of the [special counsel] investigation”. He also described and denied several supposed allegations that have never been publicly daised, regarding two earlier meetings among Trump campaign officials to set up the June 9, 2016 Trump Tower meeting with Russian citizens. In late August, Giuliani said that the June 9, 2016 Trump Tower “meeting was originally for the purpose of getting information about Hillary Clinton”.
Additionally in late July, Giuliani attacked Trump’s former personal lawyer Michael Cohen as an “incredible liar”, two months after calling Cohen an “honest, honorable lawyer.” In mid-August, Giuliani defended Trump by saying: “The president’s an honest man.”
In August 2018, Giuliania was retained by Freeh Group International Solutions, a global consulting firm run by former FBI Director Louis Freeh, which paid him a fee to lobby Romanian President Klaus Iohannis to change Romania’s anti-corruption policy and reduce the role of the National Anticorruption Directorate.
On October 26, 1968, Giuliani married his second cousin, Regina Peruggi, whom he had known since childhood. By the mid-70s the marriage was in trouble and they agreed to a trial separation in 1975. Peruggi did not accompany him to Washington when he accepted the job in the Attorney General’s Office.
Giuliani met local television personality Donna Hanover sometime in 1982, and they began dating when she was working in Miami. Giuliani filed for legal separation from Peruggi on August 12, 1982. The Giuliani-Peruggi marriage legally ended in two ways: a civil divorce was issued by the end of 1982, while a Roman Catholic church annulment of the Giuliani-Peruggi marriage was granted at the end of 1983 reportedly because Giuliani had discovered that he and Peruggi were second cousins. Giuliani biographer Wayne Barrett reports that Peruggi’s brother believes that Giuliani knew at the time of the marriage that they were second cousins. Alan Placa, Giuliani’s best man, later became a priest and helped get the annulment. Giuliani and Peruggi did not have any children.
Giuliani and Hanover then married in a Catholic ceremony at St. Monica’s Church in Manhattan on April 15, 1984. They had two children, son Andrew and daughter Caroline.
In 1996, Donna Hanover reverted to her professional name and virtually stopped appearing in public with her husband. By 1995, there were rumors that Giuliani was having an affair with his press secretary, Cristyne Lategano. On Father’s Day of that year Giuliani had told reporters that he was returning to Gracie Mansion to play ball with his son but instead took Lategano to a basement suite in City Hall. Three hours later Hanover went to City Hall to confront Giuliani, but a mayor’s aide prevented her from entering the suite.
Giuliani has declined to comment publicly on his religious practice and beliefs, although he identifies religion as an important part of his life. When asked if he is a practicing Catholic, Giuliani answered, “My religious affiliation, my religious practices and the degree to which I am a good or not-so-good Catholic, I prefer to leave to the priests.”
In 1998, Giuliani received The Hundred Year Association of New York’s Gold Medal Award “in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York”.
Savoy House of Savoy: Knight Grand Cross (motu proprio) of the Order of Merit of Savoy (December 2001)
For his leadership on and after September 11, Giuliani was made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on February 13, 2002.
Giuliani was named Time magazine’s “Person of the Year” for 2001
In 2002, the Episcopal Diocese of New York gave Giuliani the Fiorello LaGuardia Public Service Award for Valor and Leadership in the Time of Global Crisis.
Also in 2002, Former First Lady Nancy Reagan awarded Giuliani the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award.
In 2002, he received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.
In 2003, Giuliani received the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award
In 2004, construction began on the Rudolph W. Giuliani Trauma Center at St. Vincent’s Hospital in New York.
In 2005, Giuliani received honorary degrees from Loyola College in Maryland and Middlebury College. In 2007, Giuliani received an honorary Doctorate in Public Administration from The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina.
In 2006, Rudy and Judith Giuliani were honored by the American Heart Association at its annual Heart of the Hamptons benefit in Water Mill, New York.
In 2007, Giuliani was honored by the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF), receiving the NIAF Special Achievement Award for Public Service.
In 2007, Giuliani was awarded the Margaret Thatcher Medal of Freedom by the Atlantic Bridge.
In the 2009 graduation ceremony for Drexel University’s Earle Mack School of Law, Giuliani was the keynote speaker and recipient of an honorary degree.
Giuliani was the Robert C. Vance Distinguished Lecturer at Central Connecticut State University in 2013.
In 1993, Giuliani made a cameo appearance as himself in the Seinfeld episode “The Non-Fat Yogurt”, which is a fictionalized account of the 1993 mayoral election. Giuliani’s scenes were filmed the morning after his real world election.
In 2000, Giuliani made a cameo appearance in the Law & Order episode “Endurance”.
Biographical drama Rudy: The Rudy Giuliani Story (2003), in which he is played by James Woods.
Kevin Keating’s documentary Giuliani Time (2006).
In 2003, Giuliani made a cameo appearance as himself in the film Anger Management, starring Adam Sandler and Jack Nicholson.